This new conceptual away from Phoenician myths which was maintained out-of Philo as a consequence of Eusebius (like biblical sees on a single topic) used to be commonly thought about that have suspician from the critical scholarship and you will regarded as mainly an innovation by Philo, without having any independent value because a source of experience in Phoenician religion. That it skeptical feelings because the disappered as a result of the new recuperation away from spiritual epic literary works out of Ugarit towards the northern Syrian coast (1927-1937).
Such extreme poetical texts discover by D.F.A good. Schaefer in the several techniques have demostrated the gods off Philo incur brands when you look at the large region now well-recognized out-of Ugarit as well as off their supplies. Brand new Philo mythology are described as an identical ethical ditch and you will ancient barbarity having www.datingranking.net/cs/onenightfriend-recenze affection to possess descriptive labels and you may personifications that will be found at Ugarit.
The fresh new sourced elements of knowledge imply absolutely nothing change in the content regarding Canaanite mythology between c. 1400 BC and 700 BC. Of a lot specifics of Philo’s membership, not only in the condition of the brands away from deities, in the fresh mythological environment as well have done contract on the Ugaritic myths and you may late Phoenician inscriptions. Scholars try, therefore, warranted for the acknowledging, at the least provisionally, every analysis maintained by Philo which do not involve personal translation into his area.
The latest divinities and this contour regarding mythological texts of Ugarit was basically plainly maybe not strange into town, however, was most recent one of the Canaanites, simply because they brear merely a vague relationship to widely known deities worshipped in the city by itself
Given that mythology regarding ancient Ugarit indicate, the religion of one’s Canaanite individuals try a rough and you can debased style of routine polytheism. It was with the gorgeous virility-cult worship from an especially raunchy and orgiastic form, and therefore became a great deal more important than any almost every other nature faith throughout the ANE.
The fresh new Ugaritic deities are now best known by several out of religious messages relationship regarding the fifteenth and you will early fourteenth millennium BC that happen to be used in a collection situated into the a building depending anywhere between Ugarit’s a couple of high temples, one to intent on Baal and also the other in order to Dagon
Canaanite deities, to the one hand, introduce exceptional fluidity from identity and function, so that it is often very hard to solve the specific domain name various gods or even describe their kinship to one various other. This is certainly among the many really unreasonable areas of Canaanite religion, an indication of its corrupt characteristics. Concurrently, Canaanite deities possess most of the time etymologically clear labels, a fact and that appears to suggest the new Canaanite pantheon because symbolizing a beneficial cruder and much more primitive brand of polytheism.
Miscellaneous epigraphic and literary supply show brand new brands of one’s chief gods and you may goddesses of many Canaanite citaies in various attacks.
El ‘s the title for which the best Canaanite deity are understood. This can be including a reputation wherein Jesus is named during the the outdated Testament – El, this new Goodness (Elohim) off Israel ( el elohe yisrael: Gen. ). In the most common prose it occures more frequently that have an adjunct: El Elyon (more highest God, Gen. ), El Shaddai (generally, God-almighty, Gen. 17:1), El Hai (The latest lifestyle Goodness, Josh. 3:10), and also aren’t from the plural off majesty, Elohim. Within the Hebrew poetry El is more frequent, where it really stands normally with no adjunct (Ps. , 33, 48; ; Occupations 8:3).
The definition of El are a generic identity to own „god” in Northwest Semitic (Hebrew and Ugaritic) and thus it is extremely utilized in the outdated Testament for heathen deities otherwise idols (Ex. ; Ps. ; Are. ). The original universal term is ‘ilum ; shedding the newest mimation and the nominative circumstances stop ( you ) gets ‘el in the Hebrew. It actually was almost certainly a keen adjectival development (intransitive participle) on resources „becoming solid, powerful” ( ‘wl ), meaning „The Strong (or Powerful) You to.”